In 1983, low copper prices prompted Phelps Dodge to lay off some workers and reduce working hours for the remaining workers at its copper mine in Clifton-Morenci. The mine workers’ union called a strike, and when Phelps Dodge and the union could not agree on a resolution, the company began to replace striking union workers with non-union workers. The strike turned violent, prompting Governor Babbitt to declare a state of emergency that lasted until August 10, 1985.
Read About It
- Letter from Michael Moreno to Governor Babbitt, April 17, 1985
- Copy of a letter from Governor Babbitt to Michael Moreno, May 20, 1985
- Copy of a letter from Governor Babbitt to George Munroe, August 30, 1983
- Copy of a letter from George Munroe to Governor Babbitt, September 1, 1983
- Memo from Jonathan Rose to Bob Wise, December 2, 1985
- Statement by Governor Babbitt, August 9, 1983
- When did the Phelps Dodge strike begin? When did it end?
- How was the Phelps Dodge strike different from the strike that resulted in the Bisbee Deportation? How was it similar?
- Who created the documents linked above? Did they support the strikers or Phelps Dodge? How does their position affect the documents they wrote?
- Would you have joined the strike if you worked for Phelps-Dodge in the early 1980s? Why or why not?
Visit the websites below to learn more. Based on this new information, have your answers to the questions above changed?