In 1882, President Chester A. Arthur designated a rectangle of land in Northern Arizona a reservation for the Hopi people. However, members of the Navajo tribe also occupied this land. By the 1970s, the Navajo were more populous than the Hopi and also possessed a larger reservation of their own. The Hopi tribe wanted to relocate the Navajo tribe members off their reservation. The Federal Government attempted to resolve the conflict with mediation talks and by declaring a portion of the Hopi Reservation a Joint Use Area, but a program to relocate the Navajos from the contested land was instigated, and the conflict has yet to be resolved.
Read About It
- Hopi Reservation: Arizona Indian Community Profile, 1973
- Press release by the Hopi Tribe, August 14, 1972
- Leupp, Navajo Reservation: Arizona Community Profile
- Memo from Hawley Atkinson to Governor Williams, May 17, 1974
- Navajo & Hopi Relocation Program update and report, February 1990
- When were mediation talks regarding Navajos on the Hopi reservation begun? When was relocation of Navajos begun?
- Who created the documents linked above? Whose side did they take in the dispute between the Navajo and the Hopi? How is this stance reflected in their writing?
- Should the Navajo be allowed to remain on the Hopi Reservation? Why or not?
Visit the websites below to learn more. Based on this new information, have your answers to the questions above changed?