Ernesto Miranda was brought to trial for robbery and rape in 1963. However, a key piece of evidence—his confession—had been given before Miranda had been informed of his rights, including the right to not incriminate himself. Although convicted, his case was appealed, and in 1966, Miranda v. Arizona was heard by the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled that suspects must be informed of their rights, and therefore the evidence used to convict Miranda was invalid. The state of Arizona retried & convicted Miranda for both his crimes in 1967.
Read About It
Use the document analysis sheet and the photograph analysis sheet to uncover clues about the people that created the documents.
- Portrait of Phoenix police lineup including Ernest Miranda on left
- Amended accusation by Maricopa County Superior Court charging Ernesto Miranda with robbery, May 1963
- Arrest record for Ernesto Miranda, March 14, 1963
- Judgement of guilt and sentence of Ernesto Arturo Miranda for kidnapping and rape, June 27, 1963
- Letter from Henry S. Stevens to Dr. James M. Kilgore, Jr., May 20, 1963
- Copy of statement of Facts on Conviction in State of Arizona v. Ernesto Arturo Miranda
- Arizona Supreme Court order to reverse conviction of and retry Ernesto Miranda, August 2, 1966
- What crimes was Ernesto Miranda accused of?
- Who created the documents linked above? What part did they play in the Miranda trials? How does their role impact the documents they created?
- Why is Miranda v. Arizona a landmark court case? Would you have reached a different verdict? Why or why not?
Visit the websites below to learn more. Based on this new information, have your answers to the questions above changed?