During an inspection of wheat in March 1996, spores that carry the wheat disease Karnal bunt were discovered in Arizona wheat. This was the first time Karnal bunt had been found in the U.S. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) declared an emergency, quarantining Arizona wheat from March until October of 1996 and instituting an intensive eradication program.
Read About It
- Letter from Keith Kelly to Terry Medley, September 19, 1996
- Director's administrative order from Arizona Department of Agriculture, Plant Services Division, September 19, 1996
- Comparison between Proposed State Plan and USDA Plan for Crop Year 1997
- Copy of letter from Governor Symington to US Secretary of Agriculture Don Glickman, September 10, 1996
- Map depicting Karnal Bunt Districts. From: Karnal Bunt USDA/Arizona State Eradication Report, May 16, 1995
- Key to Map depicting Karnal Bunt Districts. From: Karnal Bunt USDA/Arizona State Eradication Report, May 16, 1995
- Copy of US Karnal Bunt Coalition Recommendations, March 25, 1997
- Copy of a letter from Ed Pastor to Don Glickman, June 17, 1997
- Karnal Bunt Chronology
- Justification for Arizona's Proposal
- When was Karnal bunt discovered in Arizona wheat?
- Who created the documents linked above? For what purpose? Who else might have created documents about Karnal bunt in Arizona? Is their perspective shown in these documents?
- Do you think the APHIS’ stance on Karnal-bunt contaminated wheat was justified? Why or why not? If you had been in charge of the eradication, how would you have handled it, and why?
Visit the websites below to learn more. Based on this new information, have your answers to the questions above changed?
- University of Idaho: Karnal Bunt of Wheat
- Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service: Karnal bunt
- Wheat Diseases and Pests: A Guide for Field Identification