Arizona Almanac

Arizona | Population and Demographics | Language | Capital | Elected Officials | Time Zone | State Symbols | Five Cs | Books | Tourist Attractions | Famous Arizonans | Geography, Climate and Natural Resources | History | Economy | Heroes and Adventurers | Law and Government | Education | Professional Sports Teams | Art and Architecture


Great Seal of the State of Arizona at the Arizona Capitol Museum

Nickname: The Grand Canyon State

Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)

Admission to Union as the 48th state: Feb. 14, 1912

Number of Counties: 15


People Counts

Group of people in Casa Grande, circa 1910

2013 Census: 6,626,624

Race and Origin (2013):
White alone: 57%
Hispanic or Latino: 30%
American Indian: 4.4%
Black or African American: 4.2%
Asian: 2.8%

Federally Recognized Indian Tribes: 21



Woman and baby

Official language: English

About 70% of people in Arizona speak English at home. The next most common language is Spanish.

American Indian languages include Navajo, Apache, Hopi, and O'odham.



Capitol Building, Phoenix

Current: Phoenix (as of 1889)

Territorial Capitals: Prescott, Tucson


Elected Officials

Michele Reagan being sworn in as Secretary of State

Governor: Doug Ducey

U.S. Senators: John McCain and Jeff Flake

Secretary of State: Michele Reagan

Attorney General: Mark Brnovich

Treasurer: Jeff DeWitt

Superintendent of Schools: Diane Douglas

State Mine Inspector: Joe Hart


Time Zone

Wooden Clock and Pen Set, Gift to Gov. Jane Hull

Mountain Standard Time

Most of Arizona does not observe Daylight Savings Time. However, the Navajo Nation, in the northeastern part of the state, does change time.



State Symbols

Saguaro cactus in bloom

Arizona’s many state symbols include:

Flag: A copper star rises from a blue field in front of red and yellow rays which stand for the sun.

Flower: Saguaro Blossom

Tree: Palo Verde

Bird: Cactus Wren

Official Neckwear: Bola Tie


Five Cs

Two women carding cotton








Unidentified girls reading a book together

Going Back to Bisbee,
By Richard Shelton

These Is My Words,
By Nancy Turner

Capirotada: A Nogales Memoir,
By Alberto Rios

The Trunk Murderess: Winnie Ruth Judd,
By Jana Bommersbach

Hopi Summer: Letters from Ethel to Maud,
By Carolyn O'Bagy Davis

Arizona: 100 Years Grand,
By Lisa Schnebly Heidinger


Tourist Attractions

Photograph of the White House Ruins, Anasazi Indian dwellings, in Canyon de Chelly

Canyon de Chelly

Chiricahua National Monument

Desert Sonoran Museum

Glen Canyon National Recreational Area

Grand Canyon

Karchner Caverns

London Bridge

Red Rocks of Sedona

South Mountain Park

Tombstone Courthouse


Famous Arizonans


Geography, Climate and Natural Resources

Colorized artist rendering of the Grand Canyon as seen from the Colorado River

Land area in square miles: 113,594

Largest cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa

Highest peak: Humphreys Peak (12,637 feet)

Longest river: Colorado River

Coldest recorded temperature: -40 degrees at Hawley Lake on January 7, 1971.

Hottest recorded temperature: 128 degrees in Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994.

Phoenix high: 122 degrees on June 26, 1990.



Photograph of President William Howard Taft signing the Arizona Statehood Bill

The U.S. acquired the northern part of Arizona in 1848 with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The area south of the Gila River was added in 1853 with the 1853 Gadsden Purchase. At first, Arizona was a part of the Territory of New Mexico. Arizona became a separate territory in 1863. The U.S. made Arizona the 48th state in 1912.



Photograph of facilities at the Detroit Copper Mining Co. in Morenci

Civilian Labor Force: 3,078,817 (Nov. 2014)

Average hourly wage: $16.43

Largest employer: Walmart

Unemployment rate: 6.8 percent (Nov. 2014)


Heroes and Adventurers

Photograph of Navajo Code Talkers in the Pacific during World War II

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (d. 1554)

John Wesley Powell (1834-1902)

Buckey O’Neill (1860-1898)

Nellie Bush (1888-1963)

Frank Luke (1897-1918)

Navajo Code Talkers (circa 1900s)

Granite Mountain Hotshots (d. 2013)


Law and Government

Photograph of Governor George W.P. addressing an audience from the State Capitol in Phoenix (Ariz.) on Statehood Day, February 14, 1912

Three branches of government:

The Governor is the chief executive. The Secretary of State is next in line.

The legislature has two houses, with 30 districts. Each district elects one senator and two representatives.

The highest court is the Arizona Supreme Court. The court has five justices.




Professional Sports Teams

Photograph of the Arizona Diamondbacks banner hanging from the West Wing of the Arizona State Capitol during the World Series in October 2001

Arizona Cardinals (NFL)

Arizona Coyotes (NHL)

Arizona Diamondbacks (MLB)

Arizona Rattlers (AFL)

Phoenix Mercury (WNBA)

Phoenix Suns (NBA)

National Championships: Arizona Diamondbacks won the 2001 World Series. The Phoenix Mercury won the WNBA championship in 2007, 2009 and 2014. The Arizona Rattlers won championships in 1994, 1997, 2012, 2013 and 2014.


Art and Architecture

Photograph of San Xavier del Bac in Tucson

Frank Lloyd Wright began building Taliesin West in 1937. It is north of Scottsdale.

San Xavier del Bac is the oldest European structure in the state. It was built in the late 1700s near Tucson.

The Heard Museum tells the story of American Indian arts and cultures. It is in Phoenix.

Route 66 is a road that ran across northern Arizona. It passed through Winslow. The town is home to the street corner made famous by the Eagle’s “Take it Easy.” The town also has La Posada, a railroad hotel designed by Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter.

The Center for Creative Photography is on the University of Arizona campus. It is the largest history center in the world for modern North American photography.