Arizona | Population and Demographics | Language | Capital | Elected Officials | Time Zone | State Symbols | Five Cs | Books | Tourist Attractions | Famous Arizonans | Geography, Climate and Natural Resources | History | Economy | Heroes and Adventurers | Law and Government | Education | Professional Sports Teams | Art and Architecture
Nickname: The Grand Canyon State
Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)
Admission to Union as the 48th state: Feb. 14, 1912
Number of Counties: 15
2013 Census: 6,626,624
Race and Origin (2013):
White alone: 57%
Hispanic or Latino: 30%
American Indian: 4.4%
Black or African American: 4.2%
Federally Recognized Indian Tribes: 21
Official language: English
About 70% of people in Arizona speak English at home. The next most common language is Spanish.
American Indian languages include Navajo, Apache, Hopi, and O'odham.
Current: Phoenix (as of 1889)
Territorial Capitals: Prescott, Tucson
Governor: Doug Ducey
U.S. Senators: John McCain and Jeff Flake
Secretary of State: Michele Reagan
Attorney General: Mark Brnovich
Treasurer: Jeff DeWitt
Superintendent of Schools: Diane Douglas
State Mine Inspector: Joe Hart
Mountain Standard Time
Most of Arizona does not observe Daylight Savings Time. However, the Navajo Nation, in the northeastern part of the state, does change time.
Arizona’s many state symbols include:
Flag: A copper star rises from a blue field in front of red and yellow rays which stand for the sun.
Flower: Saguaro Blossom
Tree: Palo Verde
Bird: Cactus Wren
Official Neckwear: Bola Tie
Going Back to Bisbee,
By Richard Shelton
These Is My Words,
By Nancy Turner
Capirotada: A Nogales Memoir,
By Alberto Rios
The Trunk Murderess: Winnie Ruth Judd,
By Jana Bommersbach
Hopi Summer: Letters from Ethel to Maud,
By Carolyn O'Bagy Davis
Arizona: 100 Years Grand,
By Lisa Schnebly Heidinger
Canyon de Chelly
Chiricahua National Monument
Desert Sonoran Museum
Glen Canyon National Recreational Area
Red Rocks of Sedona
South Mountain Park
Land area in square miles: 113,594
Largest cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa
Highest peak: Humphreys Peak (12,637 feet)
Longest river: Colorado River
Coldest recorded temperature: -40 degrees at Hawley Lake on January 7, 1971.
Hottest recorded temperature: 128 degrees in Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994.
Phoenix high: 122 degrees on June 26, 1990.
The U.S. acquired the northern part of Arizona in 1848 with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The area south of the Gila River was added in 1853 with the 1853 Gadsden Purchase. At first, Arizona was a part of the Territory of New Mexico. Arizona became a separate territory in 1863. The U.S. made Arizona the 48th state in 1912.
Civilian Labor Force: 3,078,817 (Nov. 2014)
Average hourly wage: $16.43
Largest employer: Walmart
Unemployment rate: 6.8 percent (Nov. 2014)
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (d. 1554)
John Wesley Powell (1834-1902)
Buckey O’Neill (1860-1898)
Nellie Bush (1888-1963)
Frank Luke (1897-1918)
Navajo Code Talkers (circa 1900s)
Granite Mountain Hotshots (d. 2013)
Three branches of government:
The Governor is the chief executive. The Secretary of State is next in line.
The legislature has two houses, with 30 districts. Each district elects one senator and two representatives.
The highest court is the Arizona Supreme Court. The court has five justices.
National Championships: Arizona Diamondbacks won the 2001 World Series. The Phoenix Mercury won the WNBA championship in 2007, 2009 and 2014. The Arizona Rattlers won championships in 1994, 1997, 2012, 2013 and 2014.
Frank Lloyd Wright began building Taliesin West in 1937. It is north of Scottsdale.
San Xavier del Bac is the oldest European structure in the state. It was built in the late 1700s near Tucson.
The Heard Museum tells the story of American Indian arts and cultures. It is in Phoenix.
Route 66 is a road that ran across northern Arizona. It passed through Winslow. The town is home to the street corner made famous by the Eagle’s “Take it Easy.” The town also has La Posada, a railroad hotel designed by Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter.
The Center for Creative Photography is on the University of Arizona campus. It is the largest history center in the world for modern North American photography.