Arizona Almanac

Arizona | Population and Demographics | Language | Capital | Elected Statewide Officials | Time Zone | State Symbols | Five Cs | Books | Tourist Attractions | Famous Arizonans | Geography, Climate and Natural Resources | History | Economy | Heroes and Adventurers | Law and Government | Education | Professional Sports Teams | Art and Architecture


Great Seal of the State of Arizona at the Arizona Capitol Museum

Nickname: The Grand Canyon State

Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)

Admission to Union as the 48th state: Feb. 14, 1912

Number of Counties: 15


Population and Demographics

Group of people in Casa Grande, circa 1910

2012 Census: 6,553,255

Race and Origin (2012):
White alone: 57.1 percent
Hispanic or Latino: 30.2 percent
American Indian: 5.3 percent
Black or African American: 4.5 percent
Asian: 3.1 percent

Federally Recognized Indian Tribes: 21



Woman and baby

Official language: English

About 28 percent of Arizonans speak a language other than English in their homes, primarily Spanish.

American Indian languages include Navajo, Apache, Hopi, Pima.



Capitol Building, Phoenix

Current: Phoenix (as of 1889)

Territorial Capitals: Prescott, Tucson


Elected Statewide Officials

Secretary of State Ken Bennett and Governor Jan Brewer

Governor: Jan Brewer

U.S. Senators: John McCain and Jeff Flake

Secretary of State: Ken Bennett

Attorney General: Tom Horne

State Treasurer: Doug Ducey

Superintendent of Schools: John Huppenthal

State Mine Inspector: Joe Hart


Time Zone

Wooden Clock and Pen Set, Gift to Gov. Jane Hull

Mountain Standard Time

Most of Arizona does not observe Daylight Savings Time, with the exception of the Navajo Nation, in the northeastern part of the state.


State Symbols

Saguaro cactus in bloom

Arizona’s many state symbols include:

Flag: A copper star rises from a blue field in front of red and yellow rays representing the sun.

Flower: Saguaro Blossom

Tree: Palo Verde

Bird: Cactus Wren

Official Neckwear: Bola Tie


Five Cs

Two women carding cotton








Unidentified girls reading a book together

Going Back to Bisbee,
By Richard Shelton

These Is My Words,
By Nancy Turner

Capirotada: A Nogales Memoir,
By Alberto Rios

The Trunk Murderess: Winnie Ruth Judd,
By Jana Bommersbach

Hopi Summer: Letters from Ethel to Maud,
By Carolyn O'Bagy Davis

Arizona: 100 Years Grand,
By Lisa Schnebly Heidinger


Tourist Attractions

Photograph of the White House Ruins, Anasazi Indian dwellings, in Canyon de Chelly

Canyon de Chelly

Chiricahua National Monument

Desert Sonoran Museum

Glen Canyon National Recreational Area

Grand Canyon

Karchner Caverns

London Bridge

Red Rocks of Sedona

South Mountain Park

Tombstone Courthouse


Famous Arizonans


Geography, Climate and Natural Resources

Colorized artist rendering of the Grand Canyon as seen from the Colorado River

Land area in square miles: 113,594

Largest cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa

Highest peak: Humphreys Peak (12,637 feet)

Longest river: Colorado River

Coldest recorded temperature: -40 degrees at Hawley Lake on January 7, 1971.

Hottest recorded temperature: 128 degrees in Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994.

Phoenix high: 122 degrees on June 26, 1990.



Photograph of President William Howard Taft signing the Arizona Statehood Bill

The U.S. acquired the region under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the 1853 Gadsden Purchase. Initially part of the Territory of New Mexico, Arizona was organized as a separate territory in 1863. Arizona became the forty-eighth state in 1912.



Photograph of facilities at the Detroit Copper Mining Co. in Morenci

Civilian Labor Force: 2,990,522 (Nov. 2013)

Average hourly wage: $23.13

Largest employer: Walmart

Unemployment rate: 7.8 percent (Nov. 2013)


Heroes and Adventurers

Photograph of Navajo Code Talkers in the Pacific during World War II

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (d. 1554)

John Wesley Powell (1834-1902)

Buckey O’Neill (1860-1898)

Nellie Bush (1888-1963)

Frank Luke (1897-1918)

Navajo Code Talkers (circa 1900s)

Granite Mountain Hotshots (d. 2013)


Law and Government

Photograph of Governor George W.P. addressing an audience from the State Capitol in Phoenix (Ariz.) on Statehood Day, February 14, 1912

Three branches of government:

Executive: Governor, with no lieutenant governor. Secretary of State serves as next in line.

Legislative: Bicameral, with 30 proportional districts, each electing one senator and two representatives.

Judicial: Highest court is Arizona Supreme Court; five justices.




Professional Sports Teams

Photograph of the Arizona Diamondbacks banner hanging from the West Wing of the Arizona State Capitol during the World Series in October 2001

Arizona Cardinals (NFL)

Arizona Diamondbacks (MLB)

Arizona Rattlers (AFL)

Phoenix Coyotes (NHL)

Phoenix Mercury (WNBA)

Phoenix Suns (NBA)

National Championships: Arizona Diamondbacks won the 2001 World Series. The Phoenix Mercury won the 2009 WNBA championship. Arizona Rattlers won championships in 1994 and 1997.


Art and Architecture

Photograph of San Xavier del Bac in Tucson

Frank Lloyd Wright began building Taliesin West in 1937 north of Scottsdale.

San Xavier del Bac, built in the late 1700s in southern Arizona, is the oldest European structure in Arizona.

The Heard Museum in Phoenix is a world-class destination for learning about American Indian arts and cultures.

Route 66 runs across northern Arizona, passing through Winslow, home to both the street corner made famous by the Eagle’s “Take it Easy,” and La Posada, a Harvey House Hotel designed by Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter.

Center for Creative Photography on the University of Arizona campus is the largest institution in the world devoted to documenting the history of modern North American photography.