Arizona | Population and Demographics | Language | Capital | Elected Statewide Officials | Time Zone | State Symbols | Five Cs | Books | Tourist Attractions | Famous Arizonans | Geography, Climate and Natural Resources | History | Economy | Heroes and Adventurers | Law and Government | Education | Professional Sports Teams | Art and Architecture
Nickname: The Grand Canyon State
Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)
Admission to Union as the 48th state: Feb. 14, 1912
Number of Counties: 15
2012 Census: 6,553,255
Race and Origin (2012):
White alone: 57.1 percent
Hispanic or Latino: 30.2 percent
American Indian: 5.3 percent
Black or African American: 4.5 percent
Asian: 3.1 percent
Federally Recognized Indian Tribes: 21
Official language: English
About 28 percent of Arizonans speak a language other than English in their homes, primarily Spanish.
American Indian languages include Navajo, Apache, Hopi, Pima.
Current: Phoenix (as of 1889)
Territorial Capitals: Prescott, Tucson
Governor: Jan Brewer
U.S. Senators: John McCain and Jeff Flake
Secretary of State: Ken Bennett
Attorney General: Tom Horne
State Treasurer: Doug Ducey
Superintendent of Schools: John Huppenthal
State Mine Inspector: Joe Hart
Mountain Standard Time
Most of Arizona does not observe Daylight Savings Time, with the exception of the Navajo Nation, in the northeastern part of the state.
Arizona’s many state symbols include:
Flag: A copper star rises from a blue field in front of red and yellow rays representing the sun.
Flower: Saguaro Blossom
Tree: Palo Verde
Bird: Cactus Wren
Official Neckwear: Bola Tie
Going Back to Bisbee,
By Richard Shelton
These Is My Words,
By Nancy Turner
Capirotada: A Nogales Memoir,
By Alberto Rios
The Trunk Murderess: Winnie Ruth Judd,
By Jana Bommersbach
Hopi Summer: Letters from Ethel to Maud,
By Carolyn O'Bagy Davis
Arizona: 100 Years Grand,
By Lisa Schnebly Heidinger
Canyon de Chelly
Chiricahua National Monument
Desert Sonoran Museum
Glen Canyon National Recreational Area
Red Rocks of Sedona
South Mountain Park
Land area in square miles: 113,594
Largest cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa
Highest peak: Humphreys Peak (12,637 feet)
Longest river: Colorado River
Coldest recorded temperature: -40 degrees at Hawley Lake on January 7, 1971.
Hottest recorded temperature: 128 degrees in Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994.
Phoenix high: 122 degrees on June 26, 1990.
The U.S. acquired the region under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the 1853 Gadsden Purchase. Initially part of the Territory of New Mexico, Arizona was organized as a separate territory in 1863. Arizona became the forty-eighth state in 1912.
Civilian Labor Force: 2,990,522 (Nov. 2013)
Average hourly wage: $23.13
Largest employer: Walmart
Unemployment rate: 7.8 percent (Nov. 2013)
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (d. 1554)
John Wesley Powell (1834-1902)
Buckey O’Neill (1860-1898)
Nellie Bush (1888-1963)
Frank Luke (1897-1918)
Navajo Code Talkers (circa 1900s)
Granite Mountain Hotshots (d. 2013)
Three branches of government:
Executive: Governor, with no lieutenant governor. Secretary of State serves as next in line.
Legislative: Bicameral, with 30 proportional districts, each electing one senator and two representatives.
Judicial: Highest court is Arizona Supreme Court; five justices.
National Championships: Arizona Diamondbacks won the 2001 World Series. The Phoenix Mercury won the 2009 WNBA championship. Arizona Rattlers won championships in 1994 and 1997.
Frank Lloyd Wright began building Taliesin West in 1937 north of Scottsdale.
San Xavier del Bac, built in the late 1700s in southern Arizona, is the oldest European structure in Arizona.
The Heard Museum in Phoenix is a world-class destination for learning about American Indian arts and cultures.
Route 66 runs across northern Arizona, passing through Winslow, home to both the street corner made famous by the Eagle’s “Take it Easy,” and La Posada, a Harvey House Hotel designed by Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter.
Center for Creative Photography on the University of Arizona campus is the largest institution in the world devoted to documenting the history of modern North American photography.