Home > History and Archives > Finding Aids and Inventories > State and Local Government Records > Maricopa County
Maricopa County was established February 14, 1871, as Arizona's fifth county.
It was created from a portion of Yavapai County and named after the Maricopa
Indians. Phoenix has always served as the county seat.
SG 1. Assessor
Assessment rolls. 1872-1912 and 1926. 1 c.f. (2
volumes and 84 rolls of microfilm).
SG 2. Attorney
Records are titled Maricopa County Tax Rolls. Some of these records, 1872-1912,
deteriorated due to age and water before they were microfilmed so they may
be difficult to read. Assessment and tax rolls for 1926 are microfilmed and
contain only the letter
Unsecured property tax roll. 1944. Fraction c.f. (1 volume).
This two-part record lists the unsecured property taxes on merchants, manufacturers
Attorney cases. 1962-1983. 32 c.f. (34 boxes).
SG 3. Coroner
Cases include Arizona v. Miranda, 1962-1975; Arizona v. Vargas, 1976-1980;
and Arizona v. Warren, the Great Southwest Land and Cattle Company, 1962-1980.
Records are arranged by case number.
Dockets. 1872-1882 and 1921-1930. 1 c.f. (3 volumes)
Dockets include Justice Court docket #1, 1922-1930; Superior Court docket #1, 1921-1925, which is indexed; and a District Attorney case
Register of criminal action. 1909-1922. 3.3 c.f. (11 volumes).
These volumes are indexed and arranged chronologically.
Docket. 1881-1898. Fraction c.f. (1 volume).
SG 4. Justice of the Peace
The docket reports proceedings and is signed by the Justice of the Peace
as ex officio Coroner. Volume is not indexed.
Dockets. 1871-1981. 25.5 c.f. (85 volumes).
SG 5. Recorder
Some of the dockets are divided between civil and criminal and some include
indices. They are all organized chronologically. A Tempe docket, 1914-1917,
contains a separate volume entitled Minutes of the Tempe Merchants' Protective
Association, dated October 21, 1910-July 20, 1913.
Register of criminal warrants. 1927-1931. Fraction (1 volume).
This volume is arranged chronologically.
Cashbooks. 1955-1961 and 1975-1977. Fraction c.f. (2 volumes).
Volumes include an Adult Probation cashbook, 1955-1961, and a Justice of
the Peace cashbook, 1975-1977, from an unidentified precinct.
Articles of incorporation. 1875-1913. 1 c.f. (58
rolls of microfilm).
SG 6. Sheriff
Articles of incorporation list names of companies, capital stock, officers,
nature of business, names of stockholders, name of statutory agent and sometimes
amendments. These are indexed and arranged in chronological order by filing
Bonds. 1871-1888. Fraction c.f. (1 volume).
Bonds are indexed and include indentures and official bonds. This volume
contains handwritten oaths to support the Constitution and include date,
name, sureties, oath, signature and notary public stamp and endorsement.
Brand specimens. 1877-1897. 3 c.f. (3 boxes).
Specimens are on leather with attached written explanations of body markings,
ear crops, date and where recorded.
Elections. 1876-1970. 8 c.f. (1 box, 25 volumes, 2 items,
and 33 rolls of microfilm).
Records include great registers, 1876-1938. Corrections are at the end or
are supplemental. There is an election register for the Salt River Valley
Reservoir District of Maricopa County, General Election, April 5, 1938, arranged
by precincts. There are also 1970 Maricopa County election precincts and
maps and an official military Register of Electors, 1917, arranged alphabetically.
Feebooks. 1906-1916. 2.4 c.f. (8 volumes).
Feebooks list nature of instrument filed and fees paid for filings.
Indices. 1875-1920. 1 c.f. (3 volumes).
Volumes include a mining claims index, 1875-1903; an index to instruments
filed for record, 1887; and an index to release of mortgages of personal
Notary records. 1884-1901. 1.5 c.f. (5 volumes).
Registers of notaries list name, executed by, executed to, nature of instrument,
such as a deed or Power of Attorney, date, remarks and fee.
Medical and dental registers. 1873-1920. Fraction (2 volumes).
Registers include diploma, license and certificate registers for medical
and dental occupations, 1881-1919, which are indexed. The dental certificate
forms are bound in one volume as record of dentists' certificates, 1903-1911,
Mortgage records. 1879-1920. 24.9 c.f. (83 volumes and 2
rolls of microfilm).
Earlier mortgages include a description of property. Records include release
of mortgages, 1907-1910 and 1912-1914.
Separate property of married women. 1879-1899. Fraction
c.f. (2 volumes).
These are women's signed declarations of property. Records refer mostly to
real estate; other properties mentioned are livestock, chickens, merchandise
and water rights.
Abstracts of title. 1872-1898. Fraction c.f. (1 box).
Records show legal title to lands vested in the Arizona Improvement Company.
Folder includes the will of Coles Bashford. Also included is title of lands
subject to sale at Florence which was prepared by the Phoenix Title Guaranty
and Abstract Company.
Claims to canals, mill sites and water locations. 1872-1902.
Fraction c.f. (2 boxes).
Claims include correspondence, reports and claims to ditches, canals and
millsites. There are some years missing. Arranged chronologically and indexed.
Cashbook. 1885-1886. Fraction c.f. (1 volume).
SG 7. Superintendent of Schools
The volume notes taxes collected by the Sheriff and given to the Treasurer.
Register of action. 1885-1895. 1.5 c.f. (5 volumes).
Record of U.S. prisoners. 1887-1895, 1911-1913, 1941, and
1949-1961. 1.5 c.f. (5 volumes).
Record of U.S. prisoners. 1887-1895, 1911-1913, 1941, and
1949-1961. 1.5 c.f. (5 volumes).
Includes commitments from other counties or jurisdictions. Records show federal
prisoners, 1941 and 1953-1961, and federal immigration prisoners, 1949-1953.
Licenses. 1879-1918 and 1926. 1.5 c.f. (5 volumes).
Volumes include records of licenses issued, 1879-1918, by the Sheriff, for
saloons, wholesale liquors, shows, gambling, billiards, bowling alleys and
pawnbrokers. There is also a record of license fees and taxes, 1926.
Prison commitments. 1909-1911. Fraction c.f. (1 volume).
Entries are recorded chronologically.
Daybook. 1925-1926. Fraction c.f. (1 volume).
This volume lists administrative entries where action is expected at the
Records of prisoners. 1928-1967. 10.5 c.f. (35 volumes).
These volumes include a Sheriff's index to prisoners, 1929-1967, and records
of prisoners, 1928-1967.
Board of Trustee records. 1871-1951. 3.0 c.f.
(10 volumes and 2 rolls of microfilm).
SG 8. Superior Court
The minute records of School District One outline the School District's boundaries
and changes and note petitions for changes. The Board meeting minutes, 1883-1914,
are concerned with applications for examination, lists of trustees, teachers
for various schools in the district and the vote on Union High School. The
register of teachers' certificates and diplomas, 1905-1944, presents dates
of issue and expiration, renewals and reinstatements, and is arranged alphabetically.
District and trustees records, 1914-1931, are names of trustees and district
served and notes, arranged chronologically.
Teacher records. 1883-1950. 4.2 c.f. (14 volumes and 5 rolls
Teachers' registers, 1941-1950, contain teachers' monthly reports and a summary.
School Registers, 1916-1930, are all for Alhambra District. Included are
specifications for the addition to the Alhambra Grade School, 1929.
School census marshals' reports. 1905-1940. 1 c.f. (1 box
and 4 rolls of microfilm).
Records are available in hard copy, 1905 and 1907-1911, and on microfilm,
1905-1940, arranged chronologically by district number. Some of the reports
of attendance are on Indian pupils in public schools. 1931 is the end of
regular reports on microfilm. In 1939-1940, name, age, attendance and remarks
Clerk of the Court. 1872-1985. 104.3 c.f. (61
boxes, 146 volumes and 1 roll of microfilm).
SG 9. Board of Supervisors
Records include calendars, 1879-1905; blotter fees, 1916-1923; indexed executive
dockets, 1887-1899; and issue dockets, 1890. Actions may include divorce,
foreclosure or quit title. Registers of action and feebooks, 1887-1930, are
fees earned in cases. Also included are Judge Robert C. Broomfield's administrative
Civil Division. 1871-1987. 177 c.f. (150 boxes, 165 volumes
and 242 rolls of microfilm).
Records include civil case files, 1871-1922; warrant books, 1918-1924; water-related
cases, number 4564, 7589 and 9829; registers of action and feebooks, 1877-1929;
index of civil actions, 1878-1927; docket books, 1878-1888 and 1907-1909;
motion dockets, 1912-1919; judgment dockets, 1901-1919; judgment books, 1885-1930;
tax judgments, 1905-1926; tax litigation, 1926-1930; register of action of
tax suits, 1924-1927; reporters' transcripts from George W. P. Hunt v. Thomas
W. Campbell, 1917; marriage licenses and certificates (indexed), 1871-1957;
marriage affidavits, 1894-1968; and Water Commissioner files, 1878-1987.
Water-related cases, numbered 4564, 7589 and 9829, are on microfilm and are
difficult to read.
Tax judgments, 1905-1926, are arranged alphabetically. Tax litigations concern
delinquent tax cases, 1926-1930, on real property (described) for taxes not
paid when due.
Reporters' transcripts of Division One Superior Court case, George W. P.
Hunt v. Thomas E. Campbell, contested January to May, 1917, include five
volumes indexed with list of exhibits for the contested election over the
Office of Governor where the vote difference was less than 50 ballots. Materials
relating to Whitney v.Arizona Journal
Marriage licenses and certificates, 1871-1957, are indexed. Marriage affidavits
are applications for license to marry. Early records are arranged chronologically,
later chronologically/alphabetically by female maiden name.
Water Commissioner files, 1878-1987, document execution of the Kent Decree
and the Benson Allison Decree which established rights for diversion of water
from the Salt River.
Criminal Division. 1871-1971. 15 c.f. (2 boxes, 46 volumes
and 83 rolls of microfilm).
Records include case files, 1871-1929; calendars, 1879-1894; registers of
action, 1886-1957; indexes to registers of action, 1886-1926; and
materials from Arizona v. Miranda, 1963-1971. Criminal case files, 1871-1929,
are filed in chronological order. Registers of actions, 1886-1957, have accompanying
indices, 1886-1926, and are indexed alphabetically. Materials from Arizona
v. Miranda, 1963-1971, contain the court documents and exhibits from the
case including transcripts, motions, pleadings, correspondence, warrants,
petitions and photographs.
Probate Division. 1871-1960. 34.2 c.f. (1 box, 113 volumes,
1 folder and 1 roll of microfilm).
Records include an index to probate cases, 1876-1935; feebooks, 1901 and
1910-1941; court calendar, 1890; court order books, 1872-1897; register of
actions, 1871-1910; claims, 1879-1912 and 1928-1936; probate judgments, 1898-1901;
naturalizations, 1912-1914; insanity
hearings, 1880-1926; minutes, 1873-1909 and 1916-1932; general ledger,
1911-1915; wills, 1901-1948; wills and estates, 1877-1890; letters of administration
and bonds, 1877-1888 and 1904-1960; and an inventory and appraisal of minors'
estates, 1899-1901. Index to probate cases, 1877-1916, is an index to Probate
Court records. Blotter, 1915-1916, is a daybook of actions and ends with "all
papers after this date entered directly into feebook."
Maricopa County Probate Court record book and calendar, 1871-1879, begins
with the first regular term of court, 1871, and includes a calendar of court
action in each case. Inventory and appraisals of minors' estates, 1899-1901,
contain reports to the court of real and personal property of the deceased,
Naturalizations include declarations of intention, 1912-1914, and are indexed.
Petitions and records have a few loose notices of application for admission
for citizenships, 1914.
Old age pension applications. 1926-1965. 1.6 c.f.
SG 11. Treasurer
Applications are not indexed, filed only in a numerical/chronological arrangement.
Certificates of award are separate. Many are missing.
Minutes. 1903-1927. 4.2 c.f. (4 boxes and 3 volumes).
Minutes contain audit of salary claims, published newspaper official proceedings
and affidavits of publication.
Canvass tabulations. 1938. Fraction c.f. (1 roll).
Tabulations contain election votes cast for various state officials and referred
initiative measures in the November 8, 1938, general election.
Subdivision records. 1937-1939 and 1953. Fraction (2 folders).
Records include plats and correspondence of certificates of survey of three
subdivisions. Documents include inspections, planning and zoning approvals,
and street and alley alignments.
Water records. 1920-1965. Fraction c.f. (1 box).
Records include petitions for hearings, maps, oaths of directors, official
bonds, resolutions, notices of district elections, correspondence and minutes
for the Leon Irrigation District, 1920-1922; the Nadaburg Irrigation District,
1923-1959; and the Maricopa County South Water Conservation District, 1927-1929.
Other records are correspondence, reports and petitions for the Irrigation
Water Delivery District, 1941-1965.
Account ledgers. 1881-1956. 4.5 c.f. (15 volumes).
Ledgers list expenditures for Detention Home, Juvenile Court, Tubercular
Hospital, County Farm and Assessor records for school funds and roads. Volumes
include records of indebtedness.
County officers' accounts. 1881-1926. 3 c.f. (10 volumes).
Volumes include accounts of county officers with County Treasurer.
Records of other County officials. 1886-1960. 3.9 c.f. (13
These volumes include a District Court Probate minute book, 1886-1892; Treasurer's
tax sales of property, 1889-1893 and 1902-1903, along with a record of warrants
paid, 1906-1908; a Tempe Justice Court docket book, 1904-1906; Recorder's
release of mortgages index, 1911-1929; five volumes of Sheriff's records
of U.S. Prisoners, 1921-1960; and Assessor's Personal Tax distribution volume,
Taxes. 1877-1963 and 1972. 22.5 c.f. (75 volumes).
Records include an index to tax deeds, 1877-1893; property sold for delinquent
taxes, 1896-1900; poll taxes, 1878-1914; delinquent tax lists, 1878; road
tax records, 1884-1886; taxes collected, 1886-1888; and special tax lists
and taxes collected for District Three, 1887 and 1892. Taxes collected,
1886-1888, show "amount of taxes received." A daybook or journal
with day by day lists of names of persons, companies, organizations and
amounts of taxes collected from them. Notations, "balance or on account" and
poll taxes collected for 1887-1888 are sometimes included.
Also includes a record of property sold for delinquent taxes, 1896-1900.
The delinquent tax list of 1878 has remarks that range from notes paid to
judgments obtained. [At the time, the District Attorney was the delinquent
Account ledgers. 1871-1921. 6.6 c.f. (22 volumes).
Ledgers include an accounts ledger, 1871-1879; a cash blotter, 1920-1921;
a journal, 1885; and license receipts, 1901-1912. Journal shows amounts allotted
to funds. License receipts, 1901-1912, show amounts turned in to Treasurer
by the Sheriff for licenses.
Warrants. 1872-1940 and 1961-1963. 4.2 c.f. (14 volumes).
Volumes list warrants issued on general funds. Arranged chronologically.
School funds. 1878-1926. 3 c.f. (10 volumes).
Volumes show cash paid by warrant or apportionment to each school district
or balance of cash in fund. A register of school warrants, 1905-1910, is
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